Overview:Reading and Vocabulary Focus 4 - Audio CDs (Board book) - SERIES INTRODUCTION Welcome to National Geographic Learning's new Reading and Vocabulary Focusseries. The series delivers memorable reading experiences, develops essential reading skills, and showcases a wide variety of high-utility vocabulary. The passages take readers to exciting new places where they can apply the skills of successful academic readers. While engaged with the content, readers encounter target vocabulary that is ample, diverse, and presented with a fresh, pragmatic view of what the term vocabulary item truly means. Great reading classes depend on top-of-the-line content. That's why we've taken such great care in selecting content for Reading and Vocabulary Focus . Through all four levels (high beginning to low advanced), Reading and Vocabulary Focusdraws from the vast resources of National Geographic. High-interest reading content written by some of the world's most authoritative and thought-provoking reporters and explorers is presented in level-appropriate language and used to build reading skills and to promote vocabulary learning. Skill building is of course important, but not for its own sake. Our goal is always, first and foremost, for students to enjoy working with readings that are truly interesting and worth reading.A BROADBAND APPROACH TO VOCABULARY A distinctive feature of Focus is its broadband approach to vocabulary. For each reading passage, three groups of vocabulary are called out:1) 10-12 topic-related vocabulary items to consider in pre-reading activities 2) 6-8 academic words-single word items essential to building an academic vocabulary 3) 6-8 multiword vocabulary items useful in academic reading A systematic focus on multiword vocabulary sets Reading and Vocabulary Focusapart from most reading/vocabulary texts. Increasingly, more and more teachers and many textbooks recognize that some vocabulary items consist of more than one word, especially phrasal/prepositional verbs (hurry up, take on) and compound nouns (glass ceiling, weather station). However, the amount of effort and text space devoted to expanding students' multiword repertoires is typically minimal and the approach haphazard.Our thinking in the Reading and Vocabulary Focusseries has been influenced by numerous researchers who have examined the great importance to native speakers of conventionalized multi-word units, whether those units are called "chunks," "strings," or something else. Schmitt and Carter settle on the term formulaic sequences and point out a helpful description by Wray, that formulaic sequences "are stored and retrieved whole from memory at the time of use rather than being subject to generation and analysis at the time of use by the language grammar." (Schmitt & Carter, 2012, 13)It is not always easy to decide whether a group of words constitutes a unit so tight and useful that it should be taught as a discrete vocabulary item. In our item selection for Focus, we applied the criterion of "stored and retrieved whole." An item could make the cut if, in the expert judgment of our authors and editors, it was probably treated cognitively as a whole thing. In this way, we were able to judge that such diverse language as pay attention to, on the whole, an invasion of privacy, and be the first to admit are formulaic sequences that learners should study and learn as whole units. We checked our judgment against as many sources as possible, including corpora such as the Bank of English (part of the Collins COBUILD corpus) and the online version of the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA).UNIT STRUCTURE Each unit of Reading and Vocabulary Focusbegins with a high-impact photograph related to the unit theme to capture the students' imaginations and allow for pre-reading discuss
This book is on page /d6967fe9748d6dc60a6682f497bcfd1c/book/1603728874-9781285173436. It was written by the following authors: Catherine Mazur-Jefferies. Book Reading and Vocabulary Focus 4 - Audio CDs (Board book), which can be read online, published by the company: . Other books on similar topics can be found in sections: Language, Reference, Teenage, Children's. The book was published on 2014-03-12 00:00:00. File for download Reading and Vocabulary Focus 4 - Audio CDs (Board book) has PDF format and is called reading-and-vocabulary-focus-4-audio-cds-board-book.pdf. Other books you can download below. Our sittindonesia.org site is not responsible for the content of PDF files.
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